Archive for July, 2010

Additions

July 30th, 2010
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With the close this afternoon of the 10-day extension to the candidate filing deadline because of late resignations, we took the opportunity to make some additions to our rundown of potentially competitive state House and Senate campaigns. We will take another look at the list after campaign-finance reports are filed next week and the campaigns start to shake out.

*SD22 (North Shore, Wahiawa)
Donovan Dela Cruz (D)
Michael Magaoay (D)
Michael Lyons (D)
Gerald Hagino (D)
Charles Aki (R)
Outlook: Open seat. Democratic. Sen. Robert Bunda resigned to run in the Democratic primary for lieutenant governor. The last-minute decision by Dela Cruz to bolt the mayor’s race sets up one of the most intriguing primaries. Dela Cruz represented the district on the City Council. Magaoay represented much of the district in the House. Lyons is the chairman of the North Shore Neighborhood Board. And Hagino held the seat until he was beaten by Bunda.

*HD4 (Puna, Pahoa, Hawaiian Acres)
Rep. Faye Hanohano (D)
Anthony Marzi (D)
Marlene Hapai (R)
Solomon Singer (N)
Outlook: Leans Democratic. Hanohano, a former prison guard, is chairwoman of the House Public Safety Committee. She is active on Native Hawaiian affairs and cultural issues, often speaking Hawaiian on the House floor. She also helped move a bill last session to give counties the option to ban fireworks. But changing demographics in the fast-growing region, along with the independent spirit of many residents, makes the district among the most quirky and unpredictable. Hapai, a former University of Hawaii regent appointed by Gov. Linda Lingle, could be competitive.

Deficit squawk

July 29th, 2010
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U.S. Rep. Charles Djou’s office has been aggressive about sending out notices, often in advance, whenever the new congressman appears in the national media.

But we didn’t see a heads-up on this brief appearance on Comedy Central’s “Colbert Report,” where host Stephen Colbert mocked conservative deficit hawks. Left-wing bloggers, however, didn’t miss a second.

Djou’s comments are featured in a montage of Republicans speaking about the deficit:

We’re spending too much money. Deficits do matter.

The Colbert Report Mon – Thurs 11:30pm / 10:30c
The Word – Ownership Society
www.colbertnation.com
Colbert Report Full Episodes 2010 Election Fox News

My own private Aiona

July 28th, 2010
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Lt. Gov. James “Duke” Aiona, the leading Republican candidate for governor, has taken exception to former Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann’s talking point that his rivals for governor lack private-sector experience.

Aiona, a former judge, was a private legal consultant before becoming lieutenant governor:

Mufi Hannemann’s comments are incorrect, and the record must be made clear on this matter.

I have not only worked in the private sector, but I have also owned my own business.

It is telling that his false assertion came when he was trying to promote himself. His proposals show he has more to learn when it comes to running state government.

Aiona famously retired from the bench at 43 because he said he did not make enough money.

Ken Kobayashi, our man at the courts, wrote this story in November 1998:

The highly acclaimed judge who was the first to be in charge of the state’s Drug Court program will be retiring at the end of the year because of what he says is an inadequate salary for state judges.

James Aiona, 43, earns $86,780 a year as a circuit court judge. He said he doesn’t want to quit, but felt he had no choice financially because of the level of pay and Hawaii’s high cost of living.

“I can no longer ask my wife (Vivian) and four children (ages 6 to 15) to continue to make the kind of personal sacrifices that would allow me to remain on the bench,” he said.

Aiona said he believes he can earn more money as a mediator, arbitrator and consultant with the firm Dispute Prevention Resolution, which he will join after leaving the bench on Dec. 30.

The Rundown

July 28th, 2010
By



Here is our first look at potentially competitive state House and Senate campaigns based on information from political strategists and party insiders.

We have provided fundraising snapshots for the contenders, which include the amount raised during the first six months of the year, cash on hand and the total amount collected for the election cycle. We will update the rundown with fresh assessments before the September primary and November general election.

Overview: Majority Democrats hold an overwhelming share of seats in the state House and Senate. Democrats have made gains in the past few election cycles under Gov. Linda Lingle — a Republican — and could again this year, especially if Democrats drive turnout in the governor’s race. Republicans have set the modest goal of doubling their numbers in both chambers. With a handful of open seats in competitive districts — and the potential for the civil-unions debate to bring religious conservatives to the polls — Republicans have a chance to pick up a few seats.

State Senate:
Democrats: 23
Republicans: 2

State House:
Democrats: 45
Republicans: 6

State Senate
*SD20 (Ewa Beach, Waipahu)
Sen. Will Espero (D)
(Raised this period: $15,111 Cash on hand: $29,795 Total: $46,007)
Celeste Lacuesta (D)
(No records)
Sam Puletasi (D)
(No records)
Tito Montes (R)
(Raised this period: $11,945 Cash on hand: $5,857 Total: $12,005)
Outlook: Leans Democratic. Espero has raised his profile on issues such as rail, returning prisoners from the Mainland, and restricting fireworks. The district’s changing demographics from new housing projects could make it more competitive for the GOP. Montes, a Navy veteran and military research analyst, is an articulate and aggressive campaigner who may appeal to many young families and people with military ties who are concerned about the economy.

*SD22 (North Shore, Wahiawa)
Donovan Dela Cruz (D)
(Raised this period: $65,937 Cash on hand: $84,233 Total: $196,303)
Michael Magaoay (D)
(Raised this period: $25,886 Cash on hand: $42,523 Total: $109,057)
Michael Lyons (D)
(Raised this period: $11,175 Cash on hand: $4,745 Total: $11,175)
Gerald Hagino (D)
(No records)
Charles Aki (R)
(No records)
Outlook: Open seat. Democratic. Sen. Robert Bunda resigned to run in the Democratic primary for lieutenant governor. The last-minute decision by Dela Cruz to bolt the mayor’s race sets up one of the most intriguing primaries. Dela Cruz represented the district on the City Council. Magaoay represented much of the district in the House. Lyons is the chairman of the North Shore Neighborhood Board. And Hagino held the seat until he was beaten by Bunda. The influential Hawaii Government Employees Association has backed Dela Cruz.

*SD24 (Kailua, Kaneohe)
Sen. Jill Tokuda (D)
(Raised this period: $17,565 Cash on hand: $35,460 Total: $44,583)
Tracy Bean (R)
(Raised this period: $19,563 Cash on hand: $15,143 Total: $30,027)
Outlook: Leans Democratic. Tokuda has blossomed over the past few years and has earned praise for her work on protecting important agricultural land, Native Hawaiian affairs, and the University of Hawaii. She also led an investigation into mismanagement at the Bureau of Conveyances and was one of the leading critics who helped block the second confirmation of Peter Young as director at the state Department of Land and Natural Resources. But the district is among the most competitive in the Senate, and Tokuda could be vulnerable in her first re-election campaign, particularly if voters make civil unions a dominant issue. Bean, like Tokuda, was raised on the Windward side. She runs a nonprofit with her husband and is part of a network of religious conservatives who oppose civil unions.

*SD25 (Kailua, Waimanalo, Hawaii Kai)
Virginia Enos (R)
(No records)
Joe Pandolfe (R)
(Raised this period: $1,512 Cash on hand: $102 Total: $1,512 Loans: $1,512)
Andrew Jamila, Jr. (D)
(Raised this period: $250 Cash on hand: $0 Total: $250)
Chuck Prentiss (D)
(Raised this period: $10,125 Cash on hand: $8,510 Total: $10,125 Loans: $10,000)
Pohai Ryan (D)
(No records)
Outlook: Open seat. Leans Republican. Senate Minority Leader Fred Hemmings opted not to seek re-election. There is no obvious Republican heir, but the GOP likes Enos, a member of the Kailua Neighborhood Board. Pandolfe, a contractor active in the tea party movement, could provide a measurement of how strongly the tea party tracks among local conservatives.

State House
*HD4 (Puna, Pahoa, Hawaiian Acres)
Rep. Faye Hanohano (D)
(Raised this period: $2,664 Cash on hand $8,880 Total: $14,997)
Anthony Marzi (D)
(Raised this period: $2,200 Cash on hand: $1,224 Total: $1,486)
Marlene Hapai (R)
(Raised this period: $100 Cash on hand: $100 Total: $100)
Solomon Singer (N)
(Raised this period: $1,788 Cash on hand: $115 Total: $1,788 Loans: $700)
Outlook: Leans Democratic. Hanohano, a former prison guard, is chairwoman of the House Public Safety Committee. She is active on Native Hawaiian affairs and cultural issues, often speaking Hawaiian on the House floor. She also helped move a bill last session to give counties the option to ban fireworks. But changing demographics in the fast-growing region, along with the independent spirit of many residents, makes the district among the most quirky and unpredictable. Hapai, a former University of Hawaii regent appointed by Gov. Linda Lingle, could be competitive.

*HD6 (N. Kona, Keauhou, Kailua-Kona)
Rep. Denny Coffman (D)
(Raised this period: $6,034 Cash on hand: $4,987 Total: $15,693)
Becky Leau (R)
(Raised this period: $122 Cash on hand: $0 Total: $122)
Outlook: Leans Democratic. Coffman was among the freshmen who crafted a barrel tax increase on petroleum products to help finance food security and alternative energy programs. The district is friendly to Republicans and could be hard for Coffman to hold if the GOP runs strong in Kona in the governor’s race. Leau, a contractor, is active with religious conservatives and may get support from the local tea party.

*HD11 (Makena, Wailea, Kihei)
Rep. Joe Bertram III (D)
(Raised this period: $0 Cash on hand: $6,833 Total: $6,934)
Johanna Amorin (D)
(Reported $1,881 in donations through December)
Netra Halperin (D)
(Raised this period: $4,927 Cash on hand: $2,270 Total: $7,329)
George Fontaine (R)
(Raised this period: $5,889 Cash on hand: $4,341 Total: $9.762)
Outlook: Tossup. Bertram was thought to be the most endangered House incumbent in 2008, when he raised little money for his first re-election campaign and alienated House leadership by publicly stating he would not vote for House Speaker Calvin Say for speaker if he won. He has since been criticized for defending a friend on trial for Internet enticement of a minor and has declared bankruptcy for the second time because of medical expenses and tax debts. His signature issues have been expanding access to medical marijuana and promoting bike paths and greenways. Fontaine, a retired police captain, was one of the Republicans’ best prospects two years ago.

*HD16 (Niihau, Lehua, Waimea)
Rep. Roland Sagum III (D)
(Reported $23,680 in donations through December)
Daynette “Dee” Morikawa (D)
(Raised this period: $5,850 Cash on hand: $4,099 Total: $5,850 Loans: $2,000)
Phil Sterker (R)
(No records)
Outlook: Democratic. Sagum may have trouble in the primary against Morikawa, a county parks and recreation worker active in the Hawaii Government Employees Association. The HGEA will support its own.

*HD18 (Kuliouou, Niu Valley, Aina Haina)
Mark Jun Hashem (D)
(Raised this period: $375 Cash on hand: -$919 Total: $475)
T.J. Lane (D)
(Raised this period: $17,480 Cash on hand: $7,273 Total: $17,480 Loans: $15,000)
Albert Lee (D)
(No records)
Chris Pei-Ji Baron (R)
(Raised this period: $11,000 Cash on hand: $6,931 Total: $11,000 )
Outlook: Open seat. Tossup. Rep. Lyla Berg is leaving to run in the Democratic primary for lieutenant governor. Baron, a state clean energy planner who worked for homeland security, the State Department and the National Security Council in the Bush administration, grew up in the Republican friendly district. He also has Hawaii Christian Coalition backing. Lane, an attorney, may be the Democrats’ choice and he has won the support of the HGEA.

*HD28 (Palama, Chinatown, Downtown)
Rep. Karl Rhoads (D)
(Raised this period: $19,930 Cash on hand: $67,325 Total: $80,614)
David Chang (R)
(Raised this period: $26,649 Cash on hand: $17,131 Total: $29,736 Loans: $262)
Outlook: Leans Democratic. Rhoads, an attorney, steered the House Labor Committee during a difficult few years and did much of the heavy lifting on a bill to soften an unemployment insurance tax increase on businesses. But Republicans believe Chang — an entrepreneur, military veteran and minister named the Young Business Leader of the Year by Pacific Business News — has a shot.

*HD31 (Moanalua Valley, Moanalua, Salt Lake)
Linda Ichiyama (D)
(Raised this period: $17,938 Cash on hand: $26,153 Total: $36,984)
Sharon Lum Ho (D)
(Raised this period: $2,910 Cash on hand: $1,636 Total: $2,910)
Rocky Rockwell (D)
(Raised this period: $4,948 Cash on hand: $1,705 Total: $7,125 Loans: $5,576)
Ryan Toyomura (D)
(Raised this period: $7,591 Cash on hand: $4,662 Total: $7,591)
Garner Musashi Shimizu (R)
(No records)
Outlook: Open seat. Leans Democratic. Rep. Glenn Wakai is leaving to run in the Democratic primary for state Senate. Pocketbook issues and civil unions could make this a potential swing district. The HGEA has endorsed Ichiyama.

*HD32 (Lower Pearlridge, Aiea, Halawa)
Aaron Johanson (R)
(Raised this period: $15,274 Cash on hand: $12,527 Total: $15,274)
Lei Sharsh (D)
(No records)
Randy Swindell (D)
(Raised this period: $350 Cash on hand: -$122 Total: $350 Loans: $350)
Danny Villaruz (D)
(No records)
Outlook: Open seat. Leans Republican. Popular House Minority Leader Lynn Finnegan is leaving to run in the Republican primary for lieutenant governor. Republicans have been grooming Johanson, the party’s former political director who also worked at the White House personnel office and the U.S. Mint.

*HD33 (Aiea, Halawa Valley, Aiea Heights)
House Majority Leader Blake Oshiro (D)
(Raised this period: $0 Cash on hand: $23,972 Total: $30,969)
Gary Okino (D)
(Raised this period: $2,580 Cash on hand: $35,700 Total: $75,945)
Sam Kong (R)
(Raised this period: $382 Cash on hand: $100 Total: $382)
Outlook: Democratic. Oshiro, an attorney, has emerged as the policy force within Speaker Say’s leadership team and is often the shepherd for the outsized majority caucus. He was also the sponsor of a civil-unions bill and brought it to the House floor on the last day of session for a dramatic vote. Oshiro, who is gay, is facing a serious primary challenge from Okino, a Honolulu City Councilman and former city planner who is a fiscal and religious conservative. Last year, during the civil-unions debate in the House, Okino warned lawmakers of the serious consequences of not following God’s word and said there are medical dangers from the homosexual lifestyle.

*HD36 (Pearl City, Momilani, Pacific Palisades)
Rep. Roy Takumi (D)
(Raised this period: $13,530 Cash on hand: $28,276 Total: $45,308))
Reed Shiraki (R)
(Raised this period: $17,136 Cash on hand: $10,113 Total: $19,836)
Outlook: Democratic. Takumi is the respected chairman of the House Education Committee and the district has been a fortress for traditional Democrats. Republicans, however, warn against counting out the underdog Shiraki, a prominent chiropractor known for an honor box payment system to help his patients afford care. Shiraki is also a Mormon who has the support of the Hawaii Christian Coalition, which could bring civil unions into play.

*HD41 (Waipahu, Village Park, Waikele)
Cory Chun (D)
(Raised this period: $8,200 Cash on hand: $6,709 Total: $8,200 Loans: $5,000)
Ty Cullen (D)
(Raised this period: $1,200 Cash on hand: -$143 Total: $1,037 Loans: $1,120)
Leatrice Grantham (D)
(No records)
Fernie Nicolas (D)
(No records)
Angel Cordero (R)
(No records)
Carl Wong (R)
(No records)
Outlook: Open seat. Tossup. Rep. Jon Riki Karamatsu is leaving to run in the Democratic primary for lieutenant governor. Competitive precincts in Village Park and Waikele make this a potential swing district. The HGEA likes Cullen.

*HD42 (Waipahu, Honouliuli, Ewa)
Rep. Rida Cabanilla (D)
(Raised this period: $3,255 Cash on hand: $8,688 Total: $19,142)
Mike Schultz (D)
(Raised this period: $3,525 Cash on hand: $293 Total: $2,934 Loans: $3,500)
Tom Berg (R)
(Raised this period: $0 Cash on hand: -$9,361 Total: -$9,361)
Outlook: Leans Democratic. Cabanilla became more visible on policy issues such as helping the homeless as chairwoman of the House Housing Committee. But she had to be rescued by House leaders after mishandling a bill to allow flagpoles to fly the American flag in planned communities, a controversy that energized many military veterans and conservatives. Schultz, an operational analyst for a military research and development company, came close to taking out Cabanilla in the primary two years ago and has won the HGEA endorsement. Berg is Cabanilla’s former office manager who now works for Rep. Kymberly Pine, a Ewa Beach Republican who was behind the flagpole bill.

*HD43 (Ewa Beach, Iroquois Point, Puuloa)
Rep. Kymberly Pine (R)
(Raised this period: $9,990 Cash on hand: $15,812 Total: $30,944)
Jason Bradshaw (D)
(Raised this period: $14,050 Cash on hand: $5,253 Total: $14,050)
Kurt Fevella (D)
(Raised this period: $2,911 Cash on hand: $2,222 Total: $6,989)
Outlook: Leans Republican. Pine, a former Republican aide, has been an organizer for tea party and anti-tax rallies. She was also the only House lawmaker to vote against diverting money from the state’s hurricane relief fund to help end teacher furloughs. Pine wanted to borrow, not take, money from the hurricane fund. Plugged into her demographically shifting district, Pine won re-election in 2008 with more than 70 percent of the vote and took 63.5 percent in 2006. Bradshaw, a former Democratic aide, is political director of the AFL-CIO and has shown some fundraising ability. His message? “We can do better!”

*HD45 (Waianae, Makaha, Makua)
Rep. Maile Shimabukuro (D)
(Raised this period: $2,153 Cash on hand: $4,487 Total: $12,094)
Johnnie-Mae Perry (D)
(No records)
Bill Corless (R)
(No records)
Bud Ebel (R)
(No records)
Jadeen Meyers (R)
(No records)
Outlook: Democratic. Shimabukuro, a legal aid attorney who grew up in Waianae, has been an advocate for human services and Native Hawaiian affairs and is well-connected in the Democratic leaning district. But the district is known for low voter turnout. Republicans think Meyers, who was also raised in Waianae and who serves as an associate youth pastor at a Christian church where her parents are pastors, could pull an upset, especially if civil unions becomes an issue.

*HD46 (Schofield, Mokuleia, North Shore)
Tammy Ann Escorzon (D)
(Raised this period: $270 Cash on hand: $1 Total: $270)
Maria Pacheco (D)
(No records)
Larry Sagaysay (D)
(No records)
Gil Riviere (R)
(Raised this period: $10,752 Cash on hand: $4,012 Total: $14,474 Loans: $614)
Outlook: Open seat. Leans Republican. Rep. Michael Magaoay is leaving to run in the Democratic primary for the state Senate. Riviere, a mortgage broker and leader of Keep the North Shore Country, could take a district that has been slowly trending Republican.

*HD47 (Laie, Hauula, Punaluu)
Rep. Jessica Wooley (D)
(Raised this period: $10,545 Cash on hand: $19,713 Total: $35,148)
Richard Fale (R)
(Raised this period: $8,880 Cash on hand: $6,615 Total: $9,333)
Outlook: Leans Democratic. Wooley, an attorney, is a progressive who is active on issues such as food and energy security. She has also been an advocate for Hawaiian families who were facing eviction from Kahana Valley State Park. She is in her first re-election campaign after defeating Colleen Meyer, the most conservative Republican in the House, two years ago. Her opponent, Richard Fale, is in the Army reserve and operates a nonprofit on Polynesian culture. He also farms. Fale is a Mormon who could draw votes from Laie and other precincts that reliably went with the conservative Meyer in the past.

Resign to run

July 27th, 2010
By



In dealing with the special election for Honolulu mayor, City Council Chairman Todd Apo requested a Corporation Counsel opinion to determine whether Council Members Donovan Dela Cruz or Rod Tam had to resign in order to seek the mayor’s office.

It could potentially open up the possibility of having a candidate holding two offices simultaneously, if either were to go on to win the winner-take-all special election.

Said Apo:

There is a corporation counsel opinion saying they don’t have to resign, which is actually different than what the position has been in the past. I don’t know what caused that change.

Thus, if one were to win, he would have to resign from the Council before being sworn in as mayor. The Council would then appoint a successor to fill out the remainder of the term, which expires Jan. 2.

The issue also arose over whether Councilman Gary Okino should have to resign in order to run against Rep. Blake Oshiro in the Democratic primary for the Halawa-Aiea House District seat. If Okino were to win in the primary and go on to victory in the November general election, he would take office before his Council term expires in January.

We asked Chief Elections Officer Scott Nago about it. He offered:

Attorney General Opinion 86-17, states that Article II, section 7, was never intended to apply to office holders whose successors would be elected at the same election in which they are candidates or another office. Accordingly, City Council member Okino is not required to resign to run for State House even though his term expires in January.

Pulse

July 27th, 2010
By



AARP Hawaii surveyed its members this month and found that the economy was their top concern heading into the elections, followed closely by health care. Retirement security, education and the budget deficit were ranked as lesser but important worries.

By island, the economy was the major issue on Oahu and Maui and tied with health care for the top concern on Kauai and Molokai. Older people on the Big Island placed health care above the economy as their top concern.

Asked to rank other priorities not addressed by the survey questions, older people listed — in order — civil unions, the environment, the homeless, government spending and taxes.

The e-mail survey was sent to about 20,000 AARP Hawaii members on July 13. Just over 1,000 responded back. The survey showed why politicians typically pay close attention to the AARP’s concerns: 98.2 percent of people who responded said they plan to vote.

Hawaii Election ‘Pulse’ Survey – 2010

Sharing the wealth

July 26th, 2010
By



U.S. Sen. Daniel Inouye’s quarterly campaign-finance report contained what appeared to be a surprise. The report disclosed what looked like another $100,000 transfer to the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee in early May just as the DCCC was thinking about taking sides between state Senate President Colleen Hanabusa and former congressman Ed Case in the special election for Congress.

Inouye, who had endorsed Hanabusa, had already given $150,000 to the DCCC in April to help keep the group neutral among Democrats and to focus on Republican Charles Djou.

The Star-Advertiser was preparing to publish a story about the May donation on Sunday when the DCCC raised a red flag, insisting that the group received only $150,000 from the Hawaii Democrat.

Turns out the entry in the senator’s quarterly report was a mistake.

Inouye gave the money to the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee to help his Senate colleagues get re-elected.

*Update: The Associated Press and Politico report that the DCCC will invest independent expenditures against Djou in November.

Fence-mending

July 23rd, 2010
By



State Senate President Colleen Hanabusa, in Washington, D.C., over the past few days doing outreach for her campaign for Congress, told a Washington Post blogger that the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee relied on “bum information” in siding with former congressman Ed Case in the special election in May.

But Hanabusa also met with U.S. Rep. Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., the chairman of the DCCC, and several sources said that the “fence-mending” went well.

“It went really well,” Hanabusa said by telephone from Washington tonight. “I think it was clearly a situation where everyone knows that we should get whatever we have to say out and then move on.

“And that was about the tone of it. And I think it was a very positive meeting and we left it with more a matter of not so much the DCCC trying to tell us what to do as much as how they can be helpful. And try to, I really think, understand Hawaii politics a lot better.”

Hanabusa said she also met with U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., U.S. House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, D-Md., and U.S. House Majority Whip James Clyburn, D-S.C., during her trip.

Free rides II

July 22nd, 2010
By



Republicans have their man in House District 14 in Hanalei.

Harry Williams, a Kapaa contractor, will face state Rep. Hermina Morita, (D-Hanalei, Anahola, Kapaa), in the November general election.

Morita has asked the state Office of Elections to reconsider the decision to allow the GOP to find a replacement candidate.

Democrats have also suggested that elections officials are making a liberal interpretation of the state laws in question.

Bum rap

July 21st, 2010
By



State Senate President Colleen Hanabusa, in Washington, D.C., doing outreach for her congressional campaign, is gently tweaking some of the national Democrats who privately were encouraging former congressman Ed Case in the special election in May.

Hanabusa told the Fix, a Washington Post blog, that the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee’s faith in Case was based on “bum information.”

Hanabusa finished second in the special election to U.S. Rep. Charles Djou, R-Hawaii. Case finished third and decided against a divisive September primary with Hanabusa.

Politico reports, meanwhile, that Djou is getting some fundraising help this week from top House Republicans to fend off Hanabusa in a likely November general election rematch in urban Honolulu’s 1st Congressional District.